Many European countries have polar research programmes and several operate research stations in Antarctica. Some of these stations are open all year round; others are summer-only research camps. Find out more about the progammes and the stations via the links below.
Czechia, Johann Gregor Mendel, Masaryk University, James Ross Island
Finland, Aboa, Finnish Antarctica Research programme, Queen Maud Land
Poland, Arctowski, Polish Academy of Sciences, King George Island
Spain, Juan Carlos 1 & Gabriel de Castilla stations, Spanish National Research Council, Deception & Livingston Islands
United Kingdom, Signy, British Antarctic Survey, Signy Island South Orkney Islands